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How to Plant Red Beets: A Comprehensive Guide


(Last Updated On: April 22, 2024)

Planting red beets in your garden is a fantastic way to enjoy these nutritious and delicious root vegetables. Beets are not only versatile in the kitchen but also relatively easy to grow. This article will guide you through the steps of how to plant red beets, highlighting the optimal time for planting and how to achieve dense, healthy crops using space-efficient methods.

How to Plant Red Beets – Freshly Harvested Beets

When to Plant Red Beets

Timing is crucial for planting red beets. The ideal time to sow beet seeds directly into the ground is about 8 weeks before your area’s last expected frost in the spring. This early start leverages cooler spring temperatures, which beets prefer for germination and growth. Additionally, you can extend your beet growing season by planting a second batch of seeds about 4 weeks after your last expected frost, ensuring a continuous supply of beets throughout the growing season.

Preparing Your Beet Planting Site

Step 1: Choosing the Right Location
Select a site that receives full sunlight, as beets thrive in sunny spots. The soil should be well-draining, loose, and free of large stones to allow for unimpeded root growth.

Step 2: Soil Preparation
Beets grow best in rich, fertile soil. Prepare your planting bed by incorporating plenty of organic matter, such as compost, into the soil. This will not only enrich the soil but also improve its texture and moisture retention capabilities.

How to Plant Red Beets

Step 3: Sowing the Seeds
Beet seeds are larger than many other vegetable seeds, making them easy to handle and plant. Sow the seeds at a depth of about 1/2 inch and space them roughly 2 to 3 inches apart. This initial spacing allows the beets to germinate and grow without immediate competition.

Step 4: Achieving Optimal Density
Once your beet seedlings are established and a few inches tall, thin them to ensure proper growth and root development. The goal is to achieve a density of about 9 beets per square foot. Thinning is critical as it prevents overcrowding and allows each beet sufficient space and resources to mature properly.

Caring for Your Beet Plants

Step 5: Watering and Feeding
Beets require consistent moisture to develop their signature round roots, so regular watering is essential, especially during dry spells. Avoid overhead watering late in the day to prevent leaf diseases. Feed your beets with a balanced vegetable fertilizer according to package instructions to support their growth.

Step 6: Weeding and Maintenance
Keep the beet planting area free from weeds, which compete for nutrients and space. A light mulch can help suppress weeds and retain soil moisture.

How to Plant Red Beets – Small Red Beets

Harvesting Red Beets

Step 7: Knowing When to Harvest
Red beets can typically be harvested when they reach the size of a golf ball, about 7 to 8 weeks after planting. However, the size can vary depending on the variety and your preference for beet size.

Utilizing Garden Planning Tools

For those looking to optimize their garden layout and planting schedule, using a tool like “Plan My Garden” can be incredibly helpful. This tool assists gardeners in planning out their planting areas, managing space, and scheduling plantings based on their specific local climate conditions.

Bonus Recipe: Easy Red Beet Pickle

Delight your taste buds with this simple yet delicious red beet pickle recipe. Perfect for adding a tangy, sweet touch to salads, sandwiches, or as a side dish!


  • 4 large red beets, peeled and thinly sliced
  • 1 cup water
  • 1 cup white vinegar
  • 1/2 cup sugar
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon whole black peppercorns
  • 2 cloves of garlic, peeled and sliced
  • 1 small red onion, thinly sliced (optional)


  1. Prepare the Beets:
    • Wash, peel, and slice the beets into thin rounds or half-moons, depending on your preference.
  2. Make the Pickling Solution:
    • In a saucepan over medium heat, combine water, white vinegar, sugar, and salt. Bring to a boil, stirring until the sugar and salt dissolve completely.
    • Add the black peppercorns and garlic to the mixture.
  3. Blanch the Beets:
    • Add the sliced beets to the boiling vinegar solution and reduce the heat. Let simmer for about 10 minutes, or until the beets are just tender.
    • If using, add the sliced red onion in the last 2 minutes of simmering.
  4. Jar the Beets:
    • Carefully transfer the beets and onions to a clean jar. Pour the hot pickling liquid over the beets, ensuring they are completely submerged.
    • Screw the lid on tightly and allow the jar to cool to room temperature.
  5. Refrigerate:
    • Place the jar in the refrigerator. Let the beets pickle for at least 48 hours before consuming for the best flavor development.

Serving Suggestion: Enjoy your homemade red beet pickles as a vibrant addition to your meals. They’re especially great on burgers, with cold meats, or simply on their own for a tangy snack!

This quick pickle recipe not only enhances the natural sweetness of red beets but also introduces a pleasing acidity that can brighten up any dish. Give it a try and enjoy the burst of flavors!


Growing red beets is a rewarding endeavor that adds vibrant color and deep nutritional value to your garden. By following these detailed steps on how to plant red beets, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest that is perfectly timed and spaced. Remember to leverage tools like “Plan My Garden” to further enhance your gardening success and efficiency.

Red Beets Pickled

Helpful Q&A on Planting Red Beets

How deep should I plant beet seeds?

Beet seeds should be sown about 1/2 inch deep in the soil. This depth helps ensure that they have adequate coverage to retain moisture for germination, yet are close enough to the surface to break through easily.

How much space do beets need to grow properly?

Initially, sow beet seeds 2 to 3 inches apart. Once the seedlings have grown a few inches tall, thin them so that each beet has about one square foot of space. This spacing allows for optimal growth and root development, aiming for about 9 plants per square foot.

When is the best time to plant red beets?

The best time to plant red beet seeds is 8 weeks before the last expected frost date in spring. For a continued harvest, you can plant a second round of seeds 4 weeks after the last expected frost.

How long does it take for beets to be ready for harvest?

Red beets typically take about 7 to 8 weeks from planting to reach harvest size, depending on the variety and growing conditions.

Can I use an online tool to help plan when to plant my beets?

Yes, using an online garden planning tool like “Plan My Garden” can help you determine the optimal planting times and layout for red beets based on your specific location and climate.

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